How many grooves are in a vinyl record

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Itch finds his itchy fingers in these musical treasures, granting them a new lease of life for modern-day punters.

Electron microscope slow-motion video of vinyl LP

Formerly a typical salaryman from Japan, the sentimental Ichiro is now based in Singapore since his move in By embracing the past, Itch is forging a bright future for himself as a selector. I chat with the time-surfing vinyl-hunter himself, as he shares the story behind his peculiarly retro obsession. Hi Kevin. It would be so nice to catch those bands live!

What Are EPs?

Sometimes, it has an inspirational, unexpected groove that can still be suitable for modern listeners and played for DJ events. The roots music of Singapore and other regional music was something new to me. Some have good funky exotic breaks, and some English songs covered in Malay or Chinese can be much better than the original!

Two years ago, when I started playing local vinyl records, there were not many local DJs spinning these groovy gems from Singapore or around the region.

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I thought it would be interesting to introduce such forgotten groovy music to modern listeners and also bring back nostalgic moments for old-timers. Before Singapore, I was a typical salaryman in Tokyo. I think that was the beginning of my DJ-ing career in Singapore. Then, I started to get invited to spin at events organised by DJ Gonzo, and some exhibition openings as well.

Then, my DJ set was also featured in Singapore Community Radio , which helped me to spread my music selection to the local scene. In the Japanese DJ music scene, they are open to new genres of music.

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So many good discoveries; I cannot choose! It was the happiest moment! RPM stands for revolutions per minute, which tells us how many times the record turns completely, in a period of one minute.

These days, the vinyl record can come in a number of different colors, shapes, and sizes. LP stands for long playing albums. These records were first introduced way back in They were a big step up from the 78 RPM records, which were limited to less than five minutes of play time per side, not to mention the fact that they were very brittle. Each side of the LP can hold up to twenty-six minutes of playback time.

The 45 RPM records allow for more waveform definition on the surface of the record, equaling more grooves. Essentially, the higher the RPM, the more length of vinyl that can be picked up by the needle. This results in better sound reproduction. Smaller angles in the grooves and longer wavelengths also lead to much simpler geometry.

Types Of Vinyl Records: A Lesson In Vinyl | Top Record Players

The 45 RPM can cut precise grooves with much finer detail. Additionally, the 45s tend to experience less distortion because the increased velocity helps to reduce the loss of high frequencies.


In the end, the 45s just sound much better, which is why most LPs these days are released at 45 RPMs. In the past, most long-playing microgroove records were ten inches in diameter. In most cases, the albums consisted of several ten-inch long playing records that were grouped together for an album release. In the beginning, most manufacturers assumed that classical music records would require a longer playback time and would thus need to be pressed on larger twelve-inch vinyl, while pop music would require a shorter playback time and could be presses on the smaller ten-inch discs.

But they were incorrect. The twelve-inch long playing records were a better option for both music genres. The 45, also known as the seven inch, used to be the most common type of vinyl single. The seven-inch records were initially released back in by RCA and were considered much more durable compared to the 78 RPM records. They were also cheaper to produce than the long playing twelve-inch records. Seven inch discs hit their peak in the s.

Deciding How Long To Make Each Side Of Your Vinyl Record

Back in the s, the twelve-inch single first appeared. When cut at 45 RPM, these records featured a shorter playing time and a wider groove than the long playing albums. This permitted a louder recording level and a much broader dynamic range. The twelve-inch vinyl records also become the vinyl of choice by club DJs back in the s. By this time, many record companies were releasing twelve-inch singles that contained popular extended versions of club music. EP stands for extended play. The extended play record falls somewhere between the single and the long play records.

The Eight Main Styles Of Vinyl Records

The EP contains more music than the single but less music than the long play. The downside to all this, of course, is a reduction in playback time per side. All the above is true for inch 45 records as well as the usual 7-inch format see below. Many of the earlier long-playing microgroove records, were, in fact, 10 inches. It was initially thought that classical music listeners would require the longer playback time of a 12 inch LP, whereas pop music listeners would stand the shorter run time of 10 inch LPs; they were wrong, and the 12 inch LP eventually won the day.

The 7-inch 45 rpm record was first released in by the RCA Victor company as a more durable and higher-fidelity replacement for 78 rpm shellac discs. The inch single variation first appeared during the disco era in the s. Generally cut at 45 RPM, they feature wider groove spacing and shorter playing time compared to LPs, which permits a broader dynamic range or louder recording level among other benefits — see 45 RPM notes above. Twelve-inch records are popular in dance music, where DJs use them to play in clubs. Flexi Disc records are made of a thin, flexible vinyl sheet.

During the peak vinyl years, magazines often used to give away flexi-discs containing exclusive tracks or popular hits. Very nostalgic nonetheless. A dubplate is a type of sample disc referred to as an acetate disc used in mastering studios for test recordings before proceeding with the final master, and mass-produced vinyl pressing.

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